Patient-centered medical home: Developing, expanding, and sustaining a role for pharmacists

Authors, Primary Choe,Hae Mi;Farris,Karen B.;Stevenson,James G.;Townsend,Kevin;Diez,Heidi L.;Remington,Tami L.;Rockafellow,Stuart;Shimp,Leslie A.;Sy,Annie;Wells,Trisha;Standiford,Connie J.
Title Primary Patient-centered medical home: Developing, expanding, and sustaining a role for pharmacists
Periodical Full American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy
Pub Year 2012
Volume 69
issue 12
Start Page 1063-1071
Abstract Purpose The development of a patient-centered medical home (PCMH) health care model and the role of pharmacists in PCMHs at the University of Michigan are described. Summary In 2009, Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan (BCBSM) provided financial incentives to physician groups to implement PCMH principles. A partnership was formed among the department of pharmacy, college of pharmacy, and faculty group practice at the University of Michigan Health System (UMHS) to integrate clinical pharmacists into the PCMH model at eight general medicine practices. The rationale was that PCMH pharmacists could assist in managing chronic conditions by substituting or augmenting physician care, help achieve quality indicators, and increase revenue by billing for their services. At the University of Michigan, PCMH pharmacists currently provide direct patient care services at eight general medicine health centers for patients with diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and polypharmacy, which are billable using T codes, which are payable to UMHS by most BCBSM plans. In the first year, the number of PCMH pharmacist half-day clinics varied from one to six per health center, and the mean number of patients per half-day clinic ranged from 2.2 to 6. Pharmacists in four PCMHs made more medication changes per visit than the other four, particularly for patients with diabetes. Conclusion At the University of Michigan, PCMH pharmacists currently provide direct patient care services at eight general medicine health centers for patients with diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and polypharmacy via referral from physicians.
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Reference Type(s) Journal Article
Topic Tag(s) Comprehensive Care;System Approach to Quality and Safety;Cost and Reimbursement;Primary Care Workforce Issues
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