Factors Associated with a Patient-Centered Medical Home Among Children with Behavioral Health Condit

Authors, Primary Knapp,Caprice;Woodworth,Lindsey;Fernandez-Baca,Daniel;Baron-Lee,Jacqueline;Thompson,Lindsay;Hinojosa,Melanie
Title Primary Factors Associated with a Patient-Centered Medical Home Among Children with Behavioral Health Conditions
Periodical Full Maternal and child health journal
Pub Year 2013
Volume Not Available
issue Not Available
Start Page 1-7
Abstract Abstract: At some point in their lives, nearly one-half of all American children will have a behavioral health condition. Many will not receive the care they need from a fragmented health delivery system. The patient-centered medical home is a promising model to improve their care; however, little evidence exists. Our study aim was to examine the association between several behavioral health indicators and having a patient-centered medical home. 91,642 children’s parents or guardians completed the 2007 National Survey of Children’s Health. An indicator for patient-centered medical home was included in the dataset. Descriptive statistics, bivariate tests, and multivariate regression models were used in the analyses. Children in the sample were mostly Male (52 %), White (78 %), non-Hispanic (87 %), and did not have a special health care need (80 %). 6.2 % of the sample had at least one behavioral health condition. Conditions ranged from ADHD (6 %) to Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) (1 %). Frequency of having a patient-centered medical home also varied for children with a behavioral health condition (49 % of children with ADHD and 33 % of children with ASD). Frequency of having a patient-centered medical home decreased with multiple behavioral health conditions. Higher severity of depression, anxiety, and conduct disorder were associated with a decreased likelihood of a patient-centered medical home. Results from our study can be used to target patient-centered medical home interventions toward children with one or more behavioral health conditions and consider that children with depression, anxiety, and conduct disorder are more vulnerable to these disparities.
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Reference Type(s) Journal Article
Topic Tag(s) Disparities
Special Population(s) Children with Special Needs;Children without Special Needs;People with Mental and Behavioral Health Issues
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Commentary/Opinion Piece No
Historical Publication No
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